By Robert Hughes
An illustrated 100-year background of recent paintings, from cubism to pop and avant-guard. .
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Additional info for The Shock of the New: Art and the Century of Change
Seurat resolved to make this specific via making his color patches tiny, lowering them to dots: as a result the identify, “Pointillism. ” Stippled facet through facet, the dots grew via the million like coral polyps, and (like these tiny creatures) coalesced right into a stiff deposit, a composed reef of shape. that there have been such a lot of of them consistent with sq. inch of canvas intended that Seurat can make the entire shifts of color and price that he had to; yet after all it used to be now not a fluid procedure, and it ideal calm, hieratic, luminous matters higher than agitated or dramatic ones. such a lot of all, it ideal panorama. Seurat usually visited the Channel ports of northern France. His work in their naked promenades, flat marine horizons, and light-struck calm display a panoramic energy of visible research. Port of Gravelines Channel, 1890 (plate 72), seems uncomplicated until eventually one displays on how seamless it's. The least mistakes in hue may have punctured that taut, sandy, creamy membrane of dots. If the contract among Seurat’s underlying procedure and the bigger kinds it describes had cozy for a second, one will be left with visible measles. as an alternative, there's a ideal spareness, within which the haze and luminosity of the Channel air are scrupulously translated into shape (not simply evoked by means of colour). the shortcoming of incident within the portray – whose sparse accents encompass spindly masts, a lighthouse, a bollard, and a curving perspective of quay, not anything extra – coaxes the attention again to mirror on that evaluation of sunshine, as its crucial topic. it might be difficult to discover one other snapshot that displayed itself extra subtly as a panorama of suggestion. seventy two Georges Seurat Port of Gravelines Channel 1890 Oil on canvas 29 × 36¾ ins Indianapolis Museum of paintings, reward of Mrs. James W. Fesler Seurat’s subject material was once that of Impressionism, yet his goals weren't. To make this crystal transparent, he all started, six years prior to The Gravelines Channel, his masterpiece: A Sunday Afternoon at the Island of l. a. Grande Jatte, 1884–6 (plate 73). Its conventional roots are noticeable. this is often the fěte champětre, figures having fun with themselves in Arcadia. los angeles Grande Jatte used to be a true position, as Arcadia isn't really – it was once a small grassy island within the Seine, the place Parisians beloved to picnic, fish, and take the youngsters on weekends. It accordingly invited Impressionist therapy. Seurat did the complete opposite. His portray announces, earlier than anything, that it's not a unmarried second of imaginative and prescient: that it used to be no longer in-built an afternoon. los angeles Grande Jatte is very large, ten toes by way of approximately seven – the dimensions of a giant public portray via David, Gros, or Delacroix, a ways greater than any Impressionist canvas. In it, the center category at play will get the ceremonious the Aristocracy of remedy that artwork as soon as reserved for gods and kings. possible see why a few critics who observed it within the 1886 Salon des Indépendants both teased Seurat for hiding fact lower than a swarm of colored fleas (the dots) or made enjoyable of his “Assyrian” figures. For he desired to paint the processional element of contemporary lifestyles – anything formal, rigorous, and ambitious, corresponding to the heroic dandyism that Charles Baudelaire had obvious at the boulevards of Paris and written approximately thirty years ahead of.